Knowing of the works of Dickens from my childhood, with Great Expectations being one of my favourite books when around the age of twelve (who'd have guessed) but seriously, the work of Dickens is not just about the top crust. It is a lot more to do with the tiers of society and their interactions. The way Charles Dickens was able to describe the relationships between those with and those without, and those with good hearts and those with cold hearts, plus their four way interactions depending on which side of the pie they were on.
Josh Jones of Open Culture quite rightly states that Dickens would surely have known the score in today's modern neo-liberalism, where the pat on the back is golden and the helping hand has thorns. Of course this is not new opinion. He references himself from an old Socialist column to back up his claims. I'm a big fan of socialism, but I don't really like isms because they suggest a rule of law. I prefer rules of thumb, and we can stick it up or down depending on the situation. Law is good for the big stuff, but people are funny things and we each have our own line of best fit.
I am no Charles Dickens, but I made an effort to reflect the point of Oliver Twist, with my book Scum Behind The Concrete Curtain. The story is about a person struggling in life and finds himself stuck between lots of difficult people. Some of these people are bad news, others are not so much. The point is that we tend to stereotype others and judge them according to their circumstances or beliefs, and we call them degrading names like scum in response. The book asks who is who.
It's okay to be volatile with words when necessary, and even to be protective aggressive when called for, but acting on judgement of character is something to be considered on an individual scale. Making sure we don't label folks as a certain type of person and then dishing out the hard end of the stick in order to do what we feel is best isn't helpful or productive. It results in severe inequality like the Victorian era teaches us. Looking after those on the bottom means a sacrifice from those at the top. My answer to those who don't agree is that before we get to the top, we need society. We rely on everything to get us to where we are, and we know what we must do if we earn high. Knowing our responsibilities and then earning our place in society means keeping to that half of the bargain.
Making sure we don't forget the lessons of the past and that we build a future that looks good for everyone, not just the especially able is a matter of personal sacrifice, responsibility, and the element of care that we all too often neglect to consider.